It's connected to a GB switch, and other machines on that switch show GB connections, so I don't think that's the problem. I believe the capability was added with one of the beta releases of unRAID, but I think there is some hoop jumping required to make this work properly. I currently have the onboard NIC turned off in the BIOS, so as to try to avoid any issues with the Intel card, but I just wired the house for Gigabit Ethernet, and have the ability to run 2 network cables to the unRAID box, and would like to take advantage of this capability, if possible.
Is there a guide somewhere on how to do this? Obviously, i need to fix the first issue before moving on to the 'upgrade' but figured I'd try to figure out how to do it, since it might be just as easy to 'fix' everything at one time.
You need cat5e, or cat6. Cat5 alone is not enough. You wired it incorrectly. There are two different wiring schemes. One for telephone use, the other for LAN use. My personal crimping tool has the "telephone" scheme on its lid. Following it would result in a cable that would not wire the pairs correctly.
You have a bad cable with one or more conductor open. Since the ports auto-negotiate, there is nothing you can do to force the higher speed that would make the connection in a reliable way. That is sad to hear. I bought 50' pre-crimped cat6 cables from monoprice, so i didn't actually have to manually do any connections.
I just find it difficult to believe it's the cables, but it's certainly not impossible. Okay, I switched from one cable to the other, and GB lit up, and the report shows I'm not running GB speed on the server. So, it must be a bad cable, as you said. You can post now and register later. If you have an account, sign in now to post with your account. Note: Your post will require moderator approval before it will be visible. Restore formatting. Only 75 emoji are allowed.
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Search In.Although the unRAID system is not designed for high-performance requirements, like database servers and high demand media servers, there is no reason we cannot try to achieve the maximum possible performance with the money and hardware we have invested into it.
Here are a number of collected ideas to help improve your performance.
Of course, these assume that you have your unRAID system running correctly. If you have a bad drive or cable, or incompatible hardware, or mis-configured CMOS settings, no amount of tips are going to help. Checking the User Benchmarks tables may be helpful, for comparing your system with others.
Add a Cache drive with the Plus or Pro license only to your User Shares for a major improvement in write speed. The Cache drive improves performance by postponing the parity processing, so writes to it are at full speed. The files are later moved to the parity-protected data drives during off-hours. A side effect of this is that file fragmentation is also reduced, if there is simultaneous streaming from the User Shares.
Although the simultaneous writes produce fragmented files, the transfers later to their permanent locations on the parity protected drives are done one file at a time, which should normally create files without fragmentation.
The cache drive is described in the release notes here. For best write speed, move it to the fastest unshared connection. There is some evidence that you can improve parity check performance, reducing the impact of having several drives on the PCI bus, by alternating the disk slots across the various controllers. Assigning drives in a round robin style parity on controller1, disk1 on controller2, disk2 on controller3, disk4 on controller1, etc. Your largest drives will most likely store the majority of your data, and therefore will be read more often when you retrieve that data.
If you must have drives on the PCI bus, realize that they will be slower, and organize your data accordingly. Consider this as you are building your unRAID server and position your drives and cables to optimize performance.
If you have already built your unRAID server and populated it with data, you can still rearrange your drives and cables to optimize performance without ever losing parity protection.
Here's how:. For a complementary guide to the same process, see the FAQ: What is the safe way to rearrange disk numbers, assignments, slots, etc? A tweezer or needle-nose is usually necessary to remove it. The improvement here is usually very modest. You may not be able to see the improvement since there are other bottlenecks, and SATA at 1. Who needs unnecessary handicaps? The fastest drives are now approaching the limits of SATA speeds.Previously, we were using a peer-to-peer setup to achieve 10Gig transfers.
Aqtion AQN client. CalDigit 10GbE Thunderbolt 3 adapter client. Intel X T2 10GbE server. Here is a diagram roughly depicting the network and systems layout of SPX Labs. This does not include items like VLAN s and such. The purpose of this diagram is to simply paint an image of the lab and how it is laid out. LC to LC Cables. Look for an option to change the default Auto Link Negotiation.
This must be done on both switches. This is arguably the most important item to note for all of this to function correctly. If you would like to know more about how this is achieved, you can read about it here.
Unraid should automatically be able to use this NIC without any effort from the user. I literally just slapped it in my server and I was good to go. How to configure Unraid to support 10 gigabit speeds? Hopefully some kind soul will tell me in the comments or directly one day.
It should be noted that this device does not work with USB-C ports. It will only work with TB3 ports. Also for some weird reason I feel obligated to point out that I am using a CAT6a cable with this adapter as well. If AirPlay is something you use regularly, then you will love to hear that once you use the ethernet adapter, you will lose AirPlay support. Hmmmm, or maybe that is just in my setup. It was really hard to confirm this one from other sources but I definitely do not see my MBP in AirPlay when connected via ethernet.
So how does all of this improve workflow? The amount of time that I would spend waiting for file transfers has be drastically reduced.By allischalmersmanApril 1, in General Support. What are typical gigabit network transfer speeds to your Unraid boxes from Windows machines? When transferring large files like MKVs? I never saw an improvement when I started using cache drives a long time ago either nor did the performance increase when I "upgraded" the cache drives.
I verified all my network wires today with a cable tester. Any ideas? Ethtool shows connected at Mbps. Thanks, Andrew. You're limited by your spinners for cache. Is that not a good indicator of write speed? For the cache speeds seem low, try the script attached to rule out any network issues, copy it to root folder of your flash share and type:.
Ok, so copy that attached file to the root of the flash drive and type that line in a telnet prompt? The substantially higher data density and larger cache on the SATA drive kicked the snot out of the Raptors.
They're utterly put to shame by SSDs. The best thing you could do with those old drives are mount them on the wall or drop them off at a recycling center after wiping the contents. Maybe the GB models are better than the ones I had, but there's only so far 5 to 7 year old tech can get.
Sorry, edited the post above do take out the first attempt at running. I canceled the test since I remembered I had the "Mover" running. If switching to reconstruct write mode aka "turbo write" speeds things up, then that's indeed the problem. They have to be configured on a share-by-share basis.
I even can transfer, and view the MKVs on the the cache drives before they are moved via the "Mover". Did you notice the receive errors and drops in your Ethernet stats? I think I would start with that issue. Local speed to your cache drive looks fine. Bad NIC? I have used multiple different switches and multiple PCs, no difference. The errors idk about.Please use this page with caution! It was updated much more in the days of v4 and v5, has seen little updating since the advent of v6. That means many hardware recommendations may be obsolete.
The following list is compiled by the unRAID user community. While it is mostly accurate, it is not definitively so, as it cannot be guaranteed that users have the time, expertise or diligence to test and report back all aspects. It is recommended that if you are using this list, you do so in conjunction with heavy use of the forum. The syslog s will provide some evidence of good functionality, and running the parity checks will establish good habits going forward.
Download Unraid Server OS
Those looking to make purchase decisions will have more to go on than a casual statement of "it works perfect. The boards listed here have been added by users like you. They very likely have not tested all features of the board, so it is possible that a board listed here as compatible, will not prove compatible with your hardware. As negative reports come in, they will be added to this list.
The motherboard is probably the biggest and most important decision that you will make. There are 3 ways to go:. Here are some additional thoughts on the 4 classes of motherboards, from well-tested to untested. It is recommended that you sort on 'Date Added', in order to locate current motherboards, those most recently added. Many boards listed below are now obsolete and discontinued.
Those without dates should be considered very old. Sort by clicking twice on the little box with 2 triangles, at the bottom of the 'Date Added' column header. Note to editors: if possible add virtualization info eg.
Perhaps in future we should add another column for it. Please use this section with great caution! It was updated only in the days of v4 and v5, has seen almost no updating since the advent of v6.
That means most motherboards here may be obsolete, impossible to find, and are probably insufficient any way for a v6 system with Dockers and virtualization. OK, so maybe your motherboard is not included on the list above, which is likely if your motherboard is relatively new. The following is an attempt at a guide to help you determine if your motherboard is compatible with unRAID or not, and what potential problems you should be aware of:.
The ultimate test of unRAID compatibility with any motherboard is to just try it. If you are already using the motherboard in another computer or server, you can test it for unRAID compatibility without breaking your current setup. Here's how:. You will be erasing everything on this flash drive during this procedure.Unraid is a linux based operating system that allows you to create high capacity data and media servers. Video Tutorials by SpaceInvaderOne. I just wanted to say first and foremost, I've done so much reading, and searching beforehand, and am torn between building something towards FreeNAS or something towards unRAID.
Unraid for the flexibility of simply adding another drive to expand storage, and FreeNAS for better data security but being a massive pain when it comes to adding more drive, if I have an array of 4 disks, I'd have to replace em one by one, or add another array of 4 more disks to expand. Xeon E v3 Processor.
My QNAP is a beast. Fully maxes out my gigabit for Reading and Writing files. I'm not talking small files, because aside from doing occasional folder copies, the majority is moving large multi-gigabyte files, or imaging my hard drives over to it. I was wondering, if anyone could chime in on the consistency of say, dragging and dropping a large file from Windows whatever file type, 8GB mkv file, 40GB Hard drive image and if the performance is relatively consistent?
I know I could add a couple cache drives, but I'd much rather have performance without having to deal with additional things like cache to add. Would like to have 2 parity with that many drives, but I know that's coming in version 6.
I later added a cache drive, and it added no performance gains. I guess I kind of just like knowing it's there. Don't fret so much about the writes, I think it's old news. Pretty sure you'll see plenty of performance, but worse case do like I did -- install the trial, test it out, if you're not pleased go with something else.
Thanks very much for your reply, that is exactly the kind of thing I was looking for. What hardware you're running, the kind of drives your using, and speed. I may definitely end up trying it out!
I've been playing with Freenas and OpenMediaVault in VM's with Virtualbox, and so far find Freenas a little more on the complicated side with a messy interface. Sure if one's used to it, its powerful and has potential, but the UI could use a serious overhaul. OpenMediaVault on the other hand has a cleaner looking interface, easier to find things and seems to offer decent options.Often, thrift stores have more of these tins than they know what to do with.
And since I buy so few new things, I can afford to spend more for quality, plastic-free food. See my post Fresh Bread: Buy It, Store It, Keep It Fresh Without Plastic.
Ask your local grocer to take them back. Or empty your berries into your own container before leaving the store and leave the plastic basket behind. If enough of us do this, perhaps merchants will take note.
Unfortunately, the milk bottle does contain an unrecyclable plastic cap. But I would rather buy milk in a glass bottle capped with plastic than milk contained in plastic on all sides. Going in on it with friends can make it more affordable.
Check out my instructions for storing cheese without plastic. I agonized for a while over which brands of frozen meals used the best containers, but in the end there was just no sound alternative. They all use plastic. Even frozen food trays that seem to be made of cardboard are lined with plastic.
Read more about plastic in chewing gum here.
The key is bringing my own reusable bags and containers with me to the store. You can carry the same kind of cotton bags for bulk purchases as for produce (see above. Why shop from bulk bins and take new plastic bags. A question I am frequently asked is how to avoid paying for the additional weight of the container.
Stores have various methods for deducting the container weight. At Whole Foods, for example, I take my containers to the customer service desk to have them weighed before filling. That weight is then deducted from the total weight of the item at the checkout counter. At Berkeley Bowl, empty containers are weighed at the Bulk Counter and then weighed again at the same counter when full before checking out. At Rainbow Grocery, customers weigh their own containers.
And all the cotton bags that I use are printed with the tare weight on their tags. Concerned about cross contamination for people with allergies.